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Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) is a condition that causes your prostate gland to grow larger than normal. The prostate gland is the male sex gland that produces a fluid that is part of semen. It is about the size of a walnut and it is located under the bladder. As the prostate grows, it can squeeze the urethra. This can block urine flow and cause urinary problems.
It is not known what causes BPH. It may be just part of getting older. BPH is very common in men over 45 years of age, but rarely causes problems before age 60. Some caregivers believe it is caused by a change in hormone levels as men get older.
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